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Custom Ductile Cast Iron Product

Custom Ductile Cast Iron Product

Material: Ductile (Nodualr, Spheroidal Graphite) Cast Iron
Process: Sand Casting + CNC Machining
Weight: 5.56 kg

China Custom Ductile Cast Iron Products with Sand Casting Service and Machining Service

Description

China Custom Ductile (Nodular, Spheroidal Graphite) Cast Iron Products by Sand Casting and Machining

Mechanical Properties of Ductile (Nodular) Cast Iron 

Item according to DIN EN 1563 Measure Unit EN-GJS-350-22-LT EN-GJS-400-18-LT EN-GJS-400-18 EN-GJS-500-7 EN-GJS-600-3 EN-GJS-700-2 EN-GJS-800-2
EN-JS 1015 EN-JS 1025 EN-JS 1020 EN-JS 1050 EN-JS 1060 EN-JS 1070 EN-JS 1080
Tensile Strength Rm min.MPA 350 400 400 500 600 700 800
2% Yield Strength Rp0.2 min.MPA 220 240 250 320 370 420 2) 480 2)
Elongation A % 22,0 18,0 18,0 7,0 3,0 2,0 2,0
Hardness HB 110-150 120-160 140-190 170-220 200-250 230-280 250-330
Structures mainly ferritic mainly ferritic mainly ferritic ferritic + pearlite ferritic + pearlite mainly pearlite all pearlite
Shear Stress σaB MPa 315 360 360 450 540 630 720
Torsion TtB MPa 315 360 360 450 540 630 720
Modules of elasticity E GPa 170 170 170 175 175 175 175
Poisson number v – 0,280 0,280 0,280 0,280 0,280 0,280 0,280
Compressive Strength σdB MPa 700 700 800 870 1000 1150
Frature Toughness Klc MPa ·m 31 30 30 25 20 15 14
Density g/cm3 7,1 7,1 7,1 7,1 7,2 7,2 7,2


Cast iron components are generally produced by green sand casting and shell moulding casting. Which one should be chose in real production depends on the budget and exact requirements from the end-users or usage.

▶ Casting Process of Cast Iron:

Green Sand Casting Process. The green sand is basically a wet mixture of sand and clay, no chemical is added. The sand mold is squeezed together and holds its shape. The choice of sand has a lot to do with the temperature at which the metal is poured. At the temperatures that cast iron are poured, the clay gets inactivated by the heat, which is a non-expanding clay. So instead, those that pour cast iron typically work with silica sand that is inexpensive compared to the other sands. Cast iron sand castings have many advantages such as low costs, complex design, high effeciency, and good quality. Sand casting process is a suitable and good choice for iron casting parts unless the special or very high requirements have to be matched.

Shell Moulding Casting Process. Shell mold casting process offers better surface finish, better dimensional tolerances, and higher throughput due to reduced cycle times. The materials that can be used with this process are cast irons, and aluminum and copper alloys. The shell molding process produces cost savings solutions for difficult shapes, pressure vessels, weight sensitive parts, and castings requiring superior surface finishes.

▶ Raw Materials of Cast Iron as per standard or customized chemical compositions and mechanical properties.
• Gray Iron:  HT150, HT200, HT250, HT300, HT350; GJL-100, GJL-150, GJL-200, GJL-250, GJL-300, GJL-350; GG10~GG40.
• Ductile Iron or Nodular Iron: GGG40, GGG50, GGG60, GGG70, GGG80; GJS-400-18, GJS-40-15, GJS-450-10, GJS-500-7, GJS-600-3, GJS-700-2, GJS-800-2; QT400-18, QT450-10, QT500-7, QT600-3, QT700-2, QT800-2.

▶ Capabilities of Cast Iron Green Sand Casting Components
✔ By handle mould:
• Max Size: 1,500 mm × 1000 mm × 500 mm
• Weight Range: 0.5 kg - 500 kg
• Annual Capacity: 5,000 tons - 6,000 tons
• Tolerances: On Request.
✔ By Automatic Molding Machines:
• Max Size: 1,000 mm × 800 mm × 500 mm
• Weight Range: 0.5 kg - 500 kg
• Annual Capacity: 8,000 tons - 10,000 tons
• Tolerances: On Request.

▶ Capabilities of Cast Iron Shell Molding Casting Components
• Max Size: 800 mm × 600 mm × 500 mm
• Weight Range: 0.5 kg - 300 kg
• Annual Capacity: 5,000 tons - 8,000 tons
• Tolerances: On Request.

▶ How We Inspect the Cast Iron Components:
• Spectrographic and manual quantitative analysis
• Metallographic analysis
• Brinell, Rockwell and Vickers hardness inspection
• Mechanical property analysis
• Low and normal temperature impact testing
• Cleanliness inspection
• UT, MT and RT inspection

▶ Post-Casting Process
• Deburring & Cleaning
• Shot Blasting / Sand Peening
• Heat Treatment: Normalization, Quench, Tempering, Carburization, Nitriding
• Surface Treatment: Passivation, Anodizing, Electroplating, Hot Zinc Plating, Zinc Plating, Nickel Plating, Polishing, Electro-Polishing, Painting, GeoMet, Zintec
• Machining: Turning, Milling, Lathing, Drilling, Honing, Grinding,

▶ Advantages of Cast Iron by Sand Casting or Shell Molding Casting
• Low Cost due to its cheap and recyclable mold materials and simple production equipment.
• Wide range of unit weight from 0.10 kg to 500 kgs or even bigger.
• Various Structure from simple type to complex type.
• Suitable for production requirements of various quantity.

cast iron casting products