Material: Ductile Iron GGG45, EN-GJS-450 Process: Sand Casting + CNC Machining Weight: 21 kg Application: Butterfly Valve Parts
RMC can pour ductile cast iron castings using our No-bake process up to ten tons finished weight in gray iron castings and ductile iron castings, and up to five tons in steel castings and stainless steel castings.
Ductile iron refers to cast iron in which the graphite is spherical after the molten iron is treated with a spheroidizing agent. That is why the ductile cast iron is also called spheroidal graphite cast iron or nodular cast iron. Inside the ductile cast iron by electron microsope, the shape of spheroidal graphite is approximately spherical, and its interior is radial shape, and it has obvious polarization effect.
Ductile Iron Grade from Different Countries
As a ductile cast iron parts manufacturer and foundry, RMC can pour iron castings using our No-bake process up to ten tons finished weight in gray iron castings and ductile iron castings, and up to five tons in steel castings and stainless steel castings. RMC can produce casting parts in a wide variety of materials, including grey iron, ductile iron, stainless steel, carbon steel, wear-resistant steel, and heat-resistant steel based on different standards from China and overseas.
▶ Capabilities of Sand Casting moulded by hand:
• Max Size: 1,500 mm × 1000 mm × 500 mm
• Weight Range: 0.5 kg - 500 kg
• Annual Capacity: 5,000 tons - 6,000 tons
• Tolerances: On Request.
▶ Capabilities of Sand Casting by Automatic Molding Machines:
• Max Size: 1,000 mm × 800 mm × 500 mm
• Weight Range: 0.5 kg - 500 kg
• Annual Capacity: 8,000 tons - 10,000 tons
• Tolerances: On Request.
▶ Main Production Procedure
• Patterns & Tooling Design → Making Patterns → Moulding Process → Chemical Composition Analysis → Melting & Pouring → Cleaning, Grinding & Shot Blasting → Post Processing or Packing for Shipment
▶ Post-Casting Process
• Deburring & Cleaning
• Shot Blasting / Sand Peening
• Heat Treatment: Normalization, Quench, Tempering, Carburization, Nitriding
• Surface Treatment: Andonized, Hot Dip Zinc, Polishing, Painting,
• Machining: Turning, Milling, Lathing, Drilling, Honing, Grinding,
▶ General Commerial Terms
• Main workflow: Inquiry & Quotation → Confirming Details / Cost Reduction Proposals → Tooling Development → Trial Casting → Samples Approval → Trial Order → Mass Production → Continuous Order Proceeding
• Leadtime: Est. 15-25 days for tooling development. Est. 20 days for mass production.
• Payment Terms: To be negotiated.
• Payment methods: T/T, L/C, West Union, Paypal.
The following is the comparison of the ductile iron from different standards.
|Ductile Iron Comparison||Chemical Composition（％）||Matrix Structure|
|GB/T 1348-1988||ISO 1083:1987(E)||ASTM A536-84(2004)||EN 1563:-1997||JIS G5502-2001||ГОСТ7293||C||Si||Mn||P||S||Mg||RE||others|
|QT400-18||400-18||60-40-18① F32800||GJS-400-18 JS1020||FCD400-18||вч40||3.6-3.8||2.3-2.7||＜0.5||＜0.08||＜0.025||0.03-0.05||0.02-0.03||—||Annealed Ferrite|
|QT400-15||400-15||60-42-10 F32900||GJS-400-15 JS1030||FCD400-15||вч40||3.5-3.6||3.0-3.2||＜0.5||＜0.07||＜0.02||0.04||0.02||—||Annealed Ferrite|
|QT450-10||450-10||65-45-12 F33100||GJS-450-10 JS1040||FCD450-10||вч45||3.4-3.9||2.7-3.0||0.2-0.5||＜0.07||＜0.03||0.06-0.1||0.03-0.1||—||Annealed Ferrite|
|QT500-7||500-7||70-50-05||GJS-500-7 JS1050||FCD500-7||вч50||3.6-3.8||2.5-2.9||＜0.6||＜0.08||＜0.025||0.03-0.05||0.03-0.05||—||Pearlite + Ferrite|
|QT600-3||600-3||80-60-03② F34100||GJS-600-3 JS1060||FCD600-3||вч60||3.6-3.8||2.0-2.4||0.5-0.7||＜0.08||＜0.025||0.035-0.05||0.025-0.045||—||Normalized Pearlite|
|QT700-2||700-2||100-70-03 F34800||GJS-700-2 JS1070||FCD700-2||вч70||3.7-4.0||2.3-2.6||0.5-0.8||＜0.08||＜0.02||0.035-0.065||0.035-0.065||Mo0.15-0.4 Cu0.4-0.8||Mix Microstructure|
|QT800-2||800-2||-||GJS-800-2 JS1080||FCD800-2||вч80||3.7-4.0||＜2.5||＜0.5||＜0.07||＜0.03||—||—||Mo0.39 Cu0.82||Mix Microstructure|
|QT900-2||900-2||120-90-02 F36200||GJS-900-2 JS1090||-||вч90||3.5-3.7||2.7-3.0||＜0.5||＜0.08||＜0.025||0.03-0.05||0.025-0.045||Mo0.15-0.25 Cu0.5-0.7||Lower Bainite|
|① from ASTM A716-2003. ② from ASTM A476/A476M-2000。|
The Sand Casting Facilities at RMC:
|Mechanical Properties of Ductile (Nodular) Cast Iron|
|Item according to DIN EN 1563||Measure Unit||EN-GJS-350-22-LT||EN-GJS-400-18-LT||EN-GJS-400-18||EN-GJS-500-7||EN-GJS-600-3||EN-GJS-700-2||EN-GJS-800-2|
|EN-JS 1015||EN-JS 1025||EN-JS 1020||EN-JS 1050||EN-JS 1060||EN-JS 1070||EN-JS 1080|
|Tensile Strength||Rm min.MPA||350||400||400||500||600||700||800|
|2% Yield Strength||Rp0.2 min.MPA||220||240||250||320||370||420 2)||480 2)|
|Structures||mainly ferritic||mainly ferritic||mainly ferritic||ferritic + pearlite||ferritic + pearlite||mainly pearlite||all pearlite|
|Shear Stress||σaB MPa||315||360||360||450||540||630||720|
|Modules of elasticity||E GPa||170||170||170||175||175||175||175|
|Poisson number||v –||0,280||0,280||0,280||0,280||0,280||0,280||0,280|
|Compressive Strength||σdB MPa||–||700||700||800||870||1000||1150|
|Frature Toughness||Klc MPa·√m||31||30||30||25||20||15||14|
Ductile iron has better strength-to-weight ratio, better machinability and higher impact value. Moreove, the ductile iron components are produced by casting process wherein better control of component shape can be achieved compared to drop forging. Thus, many a component such as crank shafts and connecting rods manufactured usually by drop forging is increasingly being replaced by ductile iron castings.
We produce custom ductile iron castings mainly by sand casting and shell mold casting processes. The high accuracy of the ductile castings is significantly reduced the possiblities of mechanical machining operations to a minimum level. Ductile iron casting as per customer's drawings is our key portion of casting service but not our only service.