Material: Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel Process: Silica Sol Lost Wax Investment Casting Weight: 3.50 kg Application: Housing
Carbon Steel and Stainless Steel Silica Sol Lost Wax Investment Precision Casting Supplier from China with OEM Custom and CNC Precision Machining Services
What Are The Investment Castings Used For?
Investment castings are widely used in pumps and valves, automobile, trucks, hydraulics, forklift trucks and many other industries. Because of their exceptional casting tolerance and exellent finish, the lost wax castings are used more and more. Especially, the stainless steel investment castings play a vital important role in the shipbuilding and boats because they have strong anti-rust performance.
Casting Tolerance Could Reached by Investment Casting:
According to the different binder materials used for making the shell, the investment casting could be divided into silica sol casting and water glass casting. The silica sol investment casting process have better Dimensional Casting Tolerances (DCT) and Geometrical Casting Tolerances (GCT) than water glass process. However, even by same casting process, the Tolerance Grade will be different from each cast alloy due to their various castability. Our foundry would like to talk with you if you have special request on the required tolerances. Here in the following are the general tolerances grade we could reach both by silica sol casting and water glass casting processes separately:
According to the different binders for shell building, the investment casting could be divided into silica sol binder investment casting, water glass binder investment casting and the investment casting with their mixtures as binder materials. Silica sol is a typical water-based binder with a silicic acid colloid structure. It is a polymer colloidal solution in which highly dispersed silica particles are soluble in water. The colloidal particles are spherical and have a diameter of 6-100nm. The process of investment casting to make the shell is the process of gelling. There are many factors influencing gelation, mainly electrolyte, pH, sol concentration and temperature. There are many types of commercial silica sols, and the most used is alkaline silica sol with a silica content of 30%. In order to overcome the shortcomings of the long shell-making cycle of the silica sol shell, a quick-drying silica sol has been developed in recent years. The process of making silica sol shell is relatively simple. Each process has three processes: coating, sanding, and drying. Each process is repeated many times to obtain a multilayer shell of the required thickness.
Investment (lost wax) casting is a method of precision casting complex near-net-shape details using replication of wax patterns. Investment casting or lost wax is a metal forming process that typically uses a wax pattern surrounded by a ceramic shell to make a ceramic mold. When the shell dries, the wax is melted away, leaving only the mold. Then the casting component is formed by pouring molten metal into the ceramic mold.
In the silica sol shell making process, drying is the most critical process. Through drying, the water is volatilized, the silica sol gels, and the refractory particles are firmly bonded together, thereby obtaining a high-strength shell. This is a good preparation for the subsequent casting.
The casting obtained by the silica sol shell making process has low surface roughness, high dimensional accuracy and long shell making cycle. This process is widely used in casting high-temperature heat-resistant alloys, heat-resistant steels, stainless steels, carbon steels, low alloys, aluminum alloys and copper alloys.
The silica sol precision lost wax investment casting process is suitable for repeatable production of net shape components from a variety of different metals and high performance alloys. Although generally used for small castings, this process has been used to produce complete aircraft door frames, with steel castings of up to 500 kgs and aluminium castings of up to 50 kgs. Compared to other casting processes such as die casting or sand casting, it can be an expensive process. However, the components that can be produced using investment casting can incorporate intricate contours, and in most cases the components are cast near net shape, so require little or no rework once cast.
To know better about our capabilities of lost wax casting process, please click the following picture to turn to our page of Investment Casting Capabilities: